Fatty acids are classified in three different groups: Saturated fatty acids, monounsaturated fatty acids and polyunsaturated fatty acids. The polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) could be separated in Omega-6 fatty acids and Omega-3 fatty acids.
Saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids can be synthesized by the human body. In contrast Omega-3 fatty acids can nearly not be synthesized in the human body and must come from the diet trough foods and supplements. In the western diet people have normally a very low intake of Omega-3 fatty acids.
Sources for omega-3 fatty acids are plant oils and marine oils. Soybean, rapeseed and walnut oil have a high content of α-linolenic acid (ALA). The fatty acid ALA is an essential nutrient and humans are not able to synthetize it. ALA can be transformed to eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). But the conversion is very low, therefore the fatty acids EPA and DHA can be reconsidered as essential. The only sources for EPA and DHA are marine oils.
Omega-3 fatty acids are important structural components of the phospholipid cell membranes of the tissues. The composition of the phospholipids influences the characteristics of the cell membrane as fluidity and permeability to other molecules.
DHA is one of the major PUFA in the brain, nervous tissue and retina. It seems that DHA is essential for the visual process in the retina and for proper brain functioning.
EPA is a precursor for eicosanoids. These are substances which play an important role in processes like the blood pressure, renal function, blood coagulation, inflammatory and immunological reactions. Eicosanoids derived out of EPA have anti-inflammatory, anti-thrombotic, vasodilatory and triglyceride lowering properties. Due to these effects a high consumption of Omega-3 fatty acids are related to a lower risk for a cardiovascular diseases. For Omega-3, there is a lot of excellent scientific evidence available, which proves the effect of Omega-3 for many health concerns along all life stages.
The risk of developing n-3 fatty acid deficiency is higher in babies and children than in adults. Visible signs of deficiency have only been observed in seriously ill patients on a special fat-free diet for several months. The patients were seen to develop extensive inflammation of the skin, ulcers, reduced visual acuity, disturbed superficial and depth sensibility, muscular weakness, and trembling. The main risk groups for essential fatty acid deficiency are premature babies and babies who are not breast-fed.
Properties of Omega-3 fatty acids
Omega-3 fatty acids
- available in various grades as oils and microencapsulated powders
- superior shelf life
- excellent handling characteristics
- no offensive off-odors or off-tastes during preparation
- different EPA, DHA concentrations and also high-concentrated oils available
- NEW! vegan/vegetarian alternative sourced from algae available
- complies with highest quality standards and regulatory requirements
Applications of Omega-3 fatty acids
The Omega-3 Oils provided by BTC are derived from fish oil or from algae, which is a vegan alternative.
All oils are perfectly suitable for all applications in the dietary supplement industry, especially liquid preparations.
With the PronovaPure® range BTC offers products in a pharmaceutical quality for the dietary supplement market. The products are manufactured after the highest pharmaceutical standards. The patented purification process is unique and results to superior oxidation parameters. The products are available as ethyl ester or in triglyceride form for dietary supplement applications.
Further products for dietary supplements
Explore also our
- Vegan omega-3-source from microalgae as an alternative to fish oil
- Vitamin A (Retinol) > for dietary supplements
- Vitamin D (Cholecalciferol) > for dietary supplements
- Vitamin E (Tocopherol) > for dietary supplements
- Vitamin K1 (Phylloquinone) > for dietary supplements
- Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) > for dietary supplements
- Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) > for dietary supplements
- Vitamin B3 (Nicotinamide) > for dietary supplements
- Vitamin B5 (Calcium D-Pantothenate) > for dietary supplements
- Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) > for dietary supplements
- Vitamin B9 (Folic acid) > for dietary supplements
- Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin) > for dietary supplements
- Antioxidants / Natural mixed tocopherols > for food and dietary supplements
- Beta-Carotene > for dietary supplements
- Mixed carotenoids from algae source > for dietary supplements
- Lutein > for dietary supplements
- Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) > for dietary supplements
- Plant sterols > for dietary supplements
BTC Europe is BASF's European sales organization for small and medium sized customers. Our product range covers selected speciality chemicals and performance polymers to a variety of industries as well as raw materials and additives for the pharma, food, animal nutrition and personal care industry.
Our solutions for the human nutrition industry cover health ingredients like vitamins, plant sterols, carotenoids, Omega-3s, conjugated linoleic acid, besides others. As food additives we offer antioxidants, emulsifiers, whipping emulsifiers, baking enzymes, functional fat powders, and lipids.