Carotenoids are plant pigments with a colour spectrum of yellow to orange and red. Mainly, they appear in the chromoplasts of the plants.
The carotenoids are divided into two groups: the carotenes (hydrocarbons) and the xanthophylls (oxygenated derivates of the hydrocarbons). The Xantophylls are responsible for the yellow coloration of leaves in autumn.
Naturally occurring carotenoids are completely insoluble in water and they are associated with lipids which they impart their colour for example milk fat, palm oil, tomatoes and carrots.
Carotenoids are not essential, but they have a lot of important functions in the human body.
Most prominently, beta-carotene is provitamin A which means that it can be converted to vitamin A by humans and contributes to vitamin A supply. As an antioxidant, beta-carotene is part of the body’s defense network against oxidative stress. Moreover, beta-carotene accumulates in skin where it absorbs ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sunlight or artificial UV exposure and supports healthy skin.
Properties of Beta-carotene
BTC’s nature identical ß-carotenes and fermented ß-carotenes are
- available in powder form and as oily dispersion (various grades)
- high-concentrated products
- very low dust and excellent flowability
- easy dispersibility, stability and bioavailability
- stable colour hues between yellow, orange and red
- fermented beta-carotene is considered as natural
- complies with highest quality standards and regulatory requirements
Our fermented BC portfolio (Lucarotin® B) has been specially formulated to be a mirror image of our current NI-BC
- Same colors
- Improved composition
- Same properties
- Same benefits
- Easy to implement drop-in solutions
Applications of Beta-carotene
For food colouring (E 160a) with a yellow-orange nuance or as provitamin A we can offer beta-carotene powders or beta-carotene dispersions. The colouring effect helps for example to standardize the colour of the product. The dispersions are often used in foods like oils, fats, margarine, butter, processed cheese, milk replacement products, ice cream, soups, sauces and egg products.
The beta-carotene products in powder form can be suggested for applications in instant powder drinks, confectionary, candied fruits, biscuits, chewing gums, soup powders, fermented milk products, pasta etc. Different concentrations result in different colour nuances.
For beverage applications, e.g. in fruit juices, fruit beverages and lemonades, BTC is offering a cold-water-dispersible product range. The different concentrations of these products allow the colouring of yellow to orange and red.
Further specialty chemicals for food fortification
- Vitamin A (Retinol)
- Vitamin D (Cholecalciferol)
- Vitamin E (Tocopherol)
- Vitamin K1 (Phylloquinone)
- Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)
- Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
- Vitamin B3 (Nicotinamide)
- Vitamin B5 (Calcium D-Pantothenate)
- Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)
- Vitamin B9 (Folic acid)
- Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin)
- Mixed carotenoids from algae source
- Plant sterols
BTC Europe is BASF's European sales organization for small and medium sized customers. Our product range covers selected speciality chemicals and performance polymers to a variety of industries as well as raw materials and additives for the pharma, food, animal nutrition and personal care industry.
Our solutions for the human nutrition industry cover health ingredients like vitamins, plant sterols, carotenoids, Omega-3s, conjugated linoleic acid, besides others. As food additives we offer antioxidants, emulsifiers, whipping emulsifiers, baking enzymes, functional fat powders, and lipids.